The construction industry has been evolving very rapidly and is experiencing major growth. With the advancements in technology, new trends are also being evolved making the construction easier and sustainable. Industry 4.0 technologies like 3D Printing, Artificial Intelligence, Robotics, BIM, Virtual Reality, etc. are employed in the construction industry. These technologies only assist in the construction process, but the basic elements required in the construction industry have been constant for ages. Shortly, there are high chances of these technologies replacing these essential elements too. An example is 3D & 4D Printing. With 3D & 4D Printing, construction materials can be created by the human itself and can be used for construction.
The different essential elements required in the construction industry are:
- Raw Materials
- Construction Equipment
Raw materials are the basic things required for any construction, be it a house, road, office, hospital, etc. The different types of material used in the construction are:
Cement is the most important raw material used and is used in various types of constructions. It is the strongest binding material that has replaced all the other materials like mud and clay. It can be produced using limestone, hematite, bauxite, clay, etc. which are all cheaper in costs. Thus, the affordable cement price (ราคา ปูน, which is the term in Thai) is what makes the widely used material.
Glass, an important material in architecture is used for building fenestrations like sliding doors, windows, roofs, partition walls, staircases, canopies, skylights, beams, floors, and structural glazing. Glass is an important material in modern architecture.
Bricks And Blocks:
A brick is a material made up of either clay, shale or low-quality mud. They are cheaper to produce. Because of the strength they impart, they were once the widest elements.
Concrete, an important material used for the construction of buildings, bridges, etc. The durability, strength, sustainability, non-combustible, and low cost are the features of concrete.
The widely used metals are steel, aluminium, copper. Among them, steel is widely used. The high durability, resistance to environmental factors contribute to the wide usage in the construction industry.
Plastic is used for pipelines, sinks, windows, baths, domes, showers, fittings, roof coverings, ceilings, wall lining and floor covering. They can be easily re-shaped and re-moulded. They are resistant to fire, chemicals, moisture and they are good insulators of electricity. These characteristics make it one of the most important material.
Wood, a natural building material, is used to make doors, windows, furniture, floors, walls, and ceilings too. The modern architecture uses wood to make exceptionally beautiful designs.
A wide range of equipment is used in construction. Some of them are excavators, bulldozers, graders, loaders, trenchers, crane, conveyors, compactors, backhoe, etc. Much other equipment is used apart from these.
Laborers are another crucial element and play a significant role in the construction industry. In the future, there are chances of replacement of humans with robots.